Mountain of Hum Vela Luka

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Mountain Of Hum < back
Mountain of Hum
When you enjoyed yourself to the full with swimming and the sea, there are many beautiful and interesting areas in Vela Luka that are convenient for shorter and longer excursions and walks and even for more serious mountaineer undertakings. If you are in Vela Luka, you will notice from different points in the town the highest rising ground in the south-southwest in that western part of the island. That is the mountain Hum (377 meters altitude above sea-level), covered in greenery of the Mediterranean vegetation. It is connected with the town with a beautiful asphalt road. Departing from Vela Luka, at first you will pass by big and old well warded olive-trees. In spring they hide in their greenery many rich colors of a great number of plants. The simple gladiola (Gladiolus communis L.) stands out with its red color and it can be found in big groups.
The road leads further in a valley that is surrounded by big pine tree woods with dense greenery. As the road goes up, the woods are getting wider and in the whole landscape dominate big and old trunks of pine trees (Pinus helepensis Mill). The lush and diversity of the vegetation and the great botanic richness are the characteristics of these parts closer to the top. There are many shades and enough sun by the road and the mild ascent enables the pleasure of wider sights and an interesting landscape. During the time of the Austro-Hungarian ruler ship a fortress called «fortezza» was built on top of the mountain and there are still traces of the stay of different armies. The top of the mountain enables wide sights, along the island and to the high sea with islands and smaller islands. The stay on the mountain Hum offers the best sight on the unique panorama of the big bay and the town of Vela Luka.
Ophrys Archipelagi
Korcula is an island that is situated in the Mediterranean climate area and its characteristics are a relatively richness of different plants. Among the different sorts of plants that were noticed on the island of Korcula so far, it is especially worth mentioning a sort of plant from the family of orchids ( Ophrys archipelagi). Vela Luka is mentioned as «Iocus classicus», respectively the place where the first example of the plant was found and used as a sample for the first description of its kind. The sample is being kept in the Botanic museum in Zurich. It is interesting to mention that the same sample was only found, except on the island of Korcula, in Italy on the peninsula Monte Gargano. At the end it should be emphasized that this kind of plant is spread on a very restrained area. This endemic example is visually very attractive and beautiful and it represents for sure a special botanic value. This endemic example of an orchid emphasizes Vela Luka as the place where it was first found and described and the island of Korcula, beside other, as an island where the nature is preserved and rich with rarities and special kinds of life and that is of great value that should be pointed out but also preserved.
Wilhelm von Tegetthoff
Wilhelm von Tegetthoff was born in 1827 in Maribor, Slovenia, and joined the Austrian navy at the age of 13. He was promoted rapidly and in 1864 he commanded the Austrian squadron sent to the North Sea. In 1866 he was the commander of the Austrian fleet that defeated the Italians by Lissa. He died of cancer in 1871.
The admiral Wilhelm von Tegetthoff analyzed the defense coverage of the east aquatorium among the islands of Vis, Hvar, Korcula and Lastovo and he noticed a gap in it. He came to the conclusion that a fortress with armor should be built above Vela Luka, called Valle Grande at that time, on the mountain Hum. The construction of the fortress started in 1890, after the design documentation was finished. The main construction works were finished by 1898. The work was completed in 1902 and it was additionally modernized and equipped in 1912. The fortress has three cannon towers, whose walls are approximately 1 meter thick. The walls get thinner as they get higher and on the top of the towers they are 70 centimeters thick. They are arranged that way that the south-east tower is oriented to the island of Lastovo, the south-west tower to the islands of Susac and Palagruza, and the northern tower was the main observation and commanding point, at the same time. Admiral Wilhelm von Tegetthoff was born in Maribor on December 23rd 1827 and died in Vienna on April 7th 1871 as the commander of the Austrian navy. He was 44 years old when he died and he held the rank of an admiral. On May 5th 1866 he was named the commander of the Adriatic operation fleet.
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